🥵 HARD

This is one in a series of neuroanatomy “mid-term” papers designed to really test those looking to pursue careers in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry or those who have a particular interest in neuroscience and anatomy.  Recommended as part of Warwick Medical School’s NeuroSoc preparation for the National Undergradute Neuroanatomy Competition in Southampton, this can be a challenge for all!  Good Luck. 

The examination rules: 

  • This is a mock examination, and as such should be undertaken alone, in one attempt and under timed conditions. 
  • Please allow no more than 1 minute per question. 
  • A reasonable grading for someone with an interest in neuroanatomy would be:
    • <70% fail, 70% B, 80% A, 90% A*

Reviewed by: awaiting review

NUNC Finals 1

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Question 1
Which of the following statements are false?
A
The precentral gyrus contains M1
B
The central sulcus has S1 posterior to it
C
The swallowing region of M1 lies in ACA territory
D
The triangular portion of the inferior frontal gyrus lies posterior to the orbital portion
E
The triangular portion of the inferior frontal gyrus lies anterior to the opercular portion
Question 2
The frontoparietal operculum is formed of which region?
A
The inferior frontal gyrus
B
The middle frontal gyrus
C
Precentral gyrus
D
Postcentral gyrus
E
The superior frontal gyrus
Question 3
The post central sulcus is connected to the occipital lobe via the
A
Angular gyrus
B
Supramarginal gyrus
C
BA41
D
Central sulcus
E
Intraparietal sulcus
Question 4
The collateral sulcus
A
Contains V1
B
Contains A1
C
Divides the parietal lobules
D
Forms the paracentral lobule
E
Lies medial to the occipitotemporal gyrus
Question 5
The angular gyrus can be found by
A
Following the lateral fissure anteriorly
B
Following the Sylvian fissure posteriorly
C
Following the superior temporal sulcus anteriorly
D
Following the superior temporal sulcus posteriorly
E
None of the above
Question 6
The lingual gyrus sits between which two gyruses?
A
Collateral
B
Fusiform
C
Cuneus
D
Precuneus
E
Limbic
Question 7
Which region of the limbic lobe is implicated strongest in depression?
A
Subcallosal area
B
Rhineal sulcus
C
Parahippocampal gyrus
D
Anterior cingulate gyrus
E
Isthmus
Question 8
Broca's area classically contains which of the following Brodmann areas?
A
BA41
B
BA42
C
BA43
D
BA44
E
BA45
Question 9
Which of the following BA are somatosensory association regions?
A
BA3
Hint:
§
B
BA4
C
BA5
D
BA6
E
BA7
Question 10
The gyrus surrounding the posterior-most region of the Sylvian fissure is
A
BA38
B
BA39
C
BA40
D
BA41
E
BA42
Question 11
Which of the following BA are connected by the arcuate fasciculus?
A
BA38
B
BA40
C
BA25
D
BA22
E
BA24
Question 12
A right-handed patient with an inability to speak what is on their mind is most likely to have which of the following infarcts
A
R sided superior MCA
B
L sided superior MCA
C
R sided inferior MCA
D
L sided inferior MCA
E
None of the above
Question 13
A patient presents with an inability to stabilise themselves when standing erect on one side.  Which of the following are most likely to be selectively lesioned?
A
Posterior limb of the internal capsule
B
Precentral gyrus
C
Premotor cortex
D
Cerebellum
E
Supplementary motor area
Question 14
A patient with an inability to commence walking, despite trying to, that also manifests as an inability to commence speech that they want to say.  Where's the lesion?
A
M1
B
Premotor cortex
C
Supplementary motor cortex
D
Frontal eye field
E
VPM thalamic nucleus
Question 15
A right handed patient presents to his GP concerned that he can no longer understand the tone of his wife's voice. On collateral history, you learn the wife is distressed that she is not being understood.  Based on your knowledge of neuroanatomy, where is the lesion?
A
Right BA 39
B
Right BA44
C
Left BA49
D
Left BA44
E
None of the above
Question 16
Which of the following regions of the internal capsule are spared in anterior choroidal artery infarct?
A
Anterior limb
B
Genu
C
Posterior limb
D
Retrolenticular limb
E
Sublenticular limb
Question 17
Which of the following is not true of the retrolenticular tract?
A
Contains bilateral visual pathway fibres
B
Refers to the lateral fissure
C
Is supplied by the posterior cerebral artery penetrating branch
D
Is supplied by the thalamogeniculate artery
E
Runs posteriorly toward the occipital pole
Question 18
Which of the following is true of the direct pathway?
A
Corticostriatal fibres are glutamatergic
B
Putamen to globus pallidus externus fibres are GABAergic
C
The subthalamic nucleus inhibits the globus pallidus internus
D
Globus pallidus fibres that extend from externus to internus are inhibitory
E
The pallidothalamic fibres are inhibitory
Question 19
Which of the following are true of the indirect pathway?
A
Corticostriatal fibres are GABAergic
B
The striatum will inhibit the globus pallidus
C
The globus pallidus externus will be unable to inhibit the sub thalamic nucleus
D
The pallidothalamic fibres are excited in this pathway
E
The thalamocortical fibres excite to initiate movement
Question 20
The connection between Broca and Wernicke's regions is an example of
A
Grey matter bundles
B
Neuroglia
C
Association tracts
D
Commissural tracts
E
Projection tracts
Question 21
A patient presents with acute-onset, rapid movement of the wrist and fingers. Which of the following movement disorders are best described as this?
A
Chorea
B
Athetosis
C
Dystonia
D
Ballismus
E
Tremor
Question 22
A common condition, exacerbated (classically) through palpation of the forearm flexor reticulum, is an example of ...
A
Chorea
B
Athetosis
C
Dystonia
D
Tremor
E
Ballismus
Question 23
Which region is seen to degenerate in writhing movements in a proximodistal arrangement?
A
Putamen
B
Globus pallidus internus
C
Globus pallidus externus
D
Subthalamic nucleus
E
Substantia nigra
Question 24
A patient with a thalamogeniculate lesion is seen to rapidly fling a unilateral upper limb without provocation.  The condition does not improve naturally.   Where is the lesion?
A
Contralateral subthalamic nucleus
B
Ipsilateral subthalamic nucleus
C
Contralateral neostriatum
D
Ipsilateral neostriatum
E
Contralateral globus pallidus
Question 25
Which structure lies immediately inferior to the cavum pellucidum in the neonate?
A
Left hemisphere
B
Tela choroidea
C
Pons
D
Choroid plexus
E
Fornix
Question 26
Heschl's gyrus is
A
V1
B
A1
C
M1
D
The insula
E
Lying superficial to the lateral fissure
Question 27
Of the lateral wall of the third ventricle, which of the following are true?
A
It receives contralateral trigeminothalmic fibres
B
It receives contralateral spinothalamic fibres
C
It is supplied by the PCA
D
It is supplied by the thalamogeniculate artery
E
It is supplied by the PCAp
Question 28
Of the claustrum, which are true?
A
It lies medial to the extreme capsule
B
It lies lateral to the external capsule
C
It is supplied by M2
D
It is supplied by medial striate arteries
E
It is supplied by lateral striate arteries
Question 29
Of the parapontine reticular formation, which are true?
A
It receives BA09
B
it projects to the ipsilateral trochlear nucleus
C
it projects to the contralateral abducens nucleus
D
It projects to the contralateral oculomotor nucleus
E
It causes contralateral globe adduction
Question 30
A left-handed patient closes their eyes and handed a ball. When asked what they are holding, they cannot tell until they open their eyes and see the ball. Where is the lesion more likely to be?
A
Bilateral premotor gyrus
Hint:
a
B
Right superior parietal lobule
C
Left superior parietal lobule
D
Right angular gyrus
E
Left angular gyrus
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