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¬†The University of Warwick’s Surgical Society and MedGuide are teaming up once again for a lecture on the Skull and Brain. ¬†Have fun and don’t worry if the questions aren’t too intuitive, the video has all the answers!¬†

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  • Discuss the osteology of the skull with particular reference to the neuroanatomy of the human body¬†
  • Discuss the sutures and important fontanelles in the human skull¬†
  • Discuss the key items of the cranial foramina¬†
  • Outline the organisation of the brain into forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain¬†
  • Discuss which structures are derived from the embryological triad above¬†
  • Outline the clinical correlates of lesions to those structures grossly¬†

An Introduction with Skull and Brain Anatomy (Basic Science)

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Question 1

Cranial Foramina


What is the embryological origin of a structure terminating at foramina seven?
A
Telencephalon
B
Diencephalon
C
Mesencephalon
D
Metencephalon
E
Myelencephalon
Question 2

Foramina - Part Two

In the midline of the plate of label 13, what attaches?
A
The olfactory bulb
B
The tentorium cerebelli
C
The falx cerebri
D
The arachnoid mater
E
The Pia mater
Question 3

Foramina - Part Three

How would you test the function of the nerve passing through foramina 8?
A
Shrug shoulders against resistance
B
Touch the oropharynx
C
Ask the patient to cough
D
Stick the tongue out
E
Blink forcefully
Question 4

Foramina - Part Four

The labyrinthine artery emerges from a foramina in the skull base after traversing the petrous temporal bone.  Select, from the list below, the cranial nerves that run with this artery for its course.
A
Fifth
B
Sixth
C
Seventh
D
Eighth
E
Ninth
Question 5

Foramina - Part Five

Which of the following statements are true about foramina?
A
VIIth nerve enters the skull with another cranial nerve
B
IXth nerve exits the skull with a vessel draining the cerebrum
C
A nerve coursing with the spinal cord causes the head to laterally rotate
D
Foramen ovale transmits the nerve that supplies the temporalis muscle
E
The foramen lacerum transmits the fourth cranial nerve
Question 6
Brain - Part One
What is the embryonic origin of the region of the brainstem that is the origin of the trigeminal nerve?
A
Telencephalon
B
Diencephalon
C
Mesencephalon
D
Metencephalon
E
Myelencephalon
Question 7

Brain - Part Two

Which best describes the function of #2?
A
A conduit for information of the same hemisphere
B
The outflow of the vestibulocerebellum
C
A white matter tract connecting two hemispheres
D
The stalk of the pituitary gland
E
Broca's area for expression of language
Question 8

Brain - Part Three

The blood supply of #4 is?
A
ACA
B
MCA
C
PCA
D
PICA
E
SCA
Question 9

Brain - Part Four

What is the name of #3?  
A
The prefrontal cortex
B
The cingulate sulcus
C
The cingulate gyrus
D
The corpus callosum
E
The fornix
Question 10

Brain - Part Five

Which of the options below are secreted by #6?
A
ADH
B
Oxytocin
C
TSH
D
FSH
E
LH
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