Welcome to MedGuide’s premedical series of content.  Here you will find a collection of videos and MCQs. Make your own notes, at your own pace, with the videos and then have a crack at the questions – don’t worry, all questions are answerable from the video content.  Best of luck! 

  1. Define, and be able to demonstrate, key anatomic movement including flexion, extension, rotation, circumduction, abduction, adduction 
  2. Outline the anatomical position and its relative importance 
  3. Discuss the sutures and osteology of the skull in outline 
  4. Discuss key indications, and differences of common imaging modalities: CT, X-ray, MRI
  5. Outline the anatomical planes of the body 
  6. Discuss the core clinical anatomy of the hip joint and femur 

PreMed Part I

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Question 1
The anatomical position has the thumb ...
A
Medial to the index finger
B
Proximal to the wrist
C
Superior to the humerus
D
Distal to the ulnar styloid process
Question 1 Explanation: 
Remember that the anatomical position for the hand is the palm facing forward (anteriorly), with fingers spread out
Question 2

True or false

The nose lies in the median sagittal plane
A
True
B
False
Question 2 Explanation: 
The median plane means the literal midline. Things that are medial or lateral to each other are defined as objects closer to, or further from, the median plane. In this instance the sagittal plane is also used to further show detail of the intersection vertically.
Question 3
Which of the following definitions best match the coronal plane?
A
A division into a medial and lateral part
B
A horizontal division
C
A vertical division forming an anterior and posterior compartment set
D
None of the above
Question 3 Explanation: 
See a superior view of the skull to remind yourself of the coronial and sagittal axis that lie perpendicular to each other.
Question 4
Sutures are defined as ...
A
A mostly immovable junction between bones
B
The articular region of a synovium
C
The attachment of the coronary ligament
D
Are only present in the coronal plane
Question 4 Explanation: 
Sutures are a type of joint - and there are MANY kinds. These joints are mostly fused joints that permit very little movement, if any at all. Most of the flat bones of the skull are welded together by suture joints which take some years after birth to securely lock into place.
Question 5
  Look at the illustration below

Which suture is indicated by the orange pin?
A
Sagittal
B
Coronal
C
Lambdoid
D
Bregma
Question 5 Explanation: 
Coronal, meaning crown, appears throughout anatomy (notably neuroanatomy). It indicates a structure that surrounds something, in this case, you can see the crowning position of this suture.
Question 6
Look at the illustration below to answer the next few questions ...
Which bone is indicated by the red pin?  
A
Parietal
B
Frontal
C
Occipital
D
Temporal
E
Sphenoid
Question 7
Which suture is the green pin indicating?
A
Lambdoid
B
Coronal
C
Sagittal
D
Pubic
Question 8
The blue pin represents a bone protecting which region of the brain?
A
Frontal lobe
B
Temporal lobe
C
Parietal lobe
D
Occipital lobe
E
Limbic lobe
Question 8 Explanation: 
Remember that the outer cerebral cortex regions are named for the bones that protect them. So the occipital lobe is covered by the occipital bone, the parietal lobe by its namesake.
Question 9
Which plane is represented by the suture indicated with the pink pin?
A
Coronal
B
Sagittal
C
Lambdoid
D
Transverse
E
Axial
Question 10
Look at the image below

Which imaging modality is being used?
A
MRI
B
Ultrasound
C
X-ray
D
CT scan
Question 11
Which plane is this image taken in?
A
Sagittal
B
Median
C
Oblique
D
Transverse
E
Coronal
Question 11 Explanation: 
Transverse planes are also often termed "axial planes". But axial has many other uses in anatomy, and so the term is not encouraged in basic science approaches.
Question 12
Which region of the body is this scan taken through?
A
Thorax
B
Neck
C
Head
D
Lower limb
E
Abdomen
Question 12 Explanation: 
There is a vertebra and "cloud like" fluffy things that are intestine. This is the abdomen.
Question 13
A patient has a melanoma immediately superior to the umbilicus (belly button).  Which of the following statements are true?
A
The lesion is distal to the thumb
B
The lesion is proximal to the toes
C
The lesion is inferior to the pubic bone
D
The lesion is inferior to the nipples
Question 13 Explanation: 
Make sure you can use superior and inferior directions readily throughout the body. For instance, although the patella is superior to the foot, it is inferior to the hip joint.
Question 14
The nose is _______ in relation to the ears
A
Anterior
B
Posterior
C
Superficial
D
Proximal
E
Distal
Question 14 Explanation: 
In a similar light, the tip (apex) nose is anterior to the eyes, but also lies in the medial sagittal plane inferior to the eyes.
Question 15
The hip joint is weakest
A
During flexion
B
During extension
C
During medial rotation
D
During lateral rotation
E
During abduction
Question 15 Explanation: 
Mid-flexion of the hip joint is, unfortunately, the position we find ourselves in when riding in a car. Thus powerful forces directed to the front of the car can cause posterior dislocation of the hip and ligate (tear) the sciatic nerve that runs posterior to the hip joint.
Question 16
The hip joint is more likely to dislocate in a ________ direction
A
Anterior
B
Posterior
C
Medial
D
Lateral
E
Superior
Question 16 Explanation: 
See the previous explanation.
Question 17
Look at the image below

Which movement is seen with the right upper limb at the shoulder joint?
A
Abduction
B
Adduction
C
Medial rotation
D
Lateral rotation
E
Internal rotation
Question 18
The head of the femur is ________ to the shaft of the femur
A
Proximal
B
Distal
C
Anterior
D
Posterior
E
Superficial
Question 19
A patient may be having a haemorrhagic stroke secondary to a motor cycle accident.  Which imaging modality must be immediately given?
A
X-ray
B
Ultrasound
C
CT head
D
MRI head
E
CT abdomen
Question 19 Explanation: 
A CT head is given as it is quicker and cheaper than an MR scan. We use the higher resolution MR scan at a later date to assess for damage that is done. But in the acute-phase, we need to assess whether the patient is bleeding rapidly into the confined space of the skull.
Question 20
Two weeks after a stroke, a neurologist wants to assess damage to the brain regions.  Which imaging modality is most appropriate?
A
X-ray
B
Ultrasound
C
CT
D
MRI
Question 20 Explanation: 
See the previous explanation.
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