Welcome to MedGuide’s premedical series of content.  Here you will find a collection of videos and MCQs. Make your own notes, at your own pace, with the videos and then have a crack at the questions – don’t worry, all questions are answerable from the video content.  Best of luck! 

  1. Discuss the components of the urinary system

  2. Discuss the components of the male external and internal genitalia

  3. Discuss the components of the female external and internal genitalia

PreMed Part Six

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Question 1
The superficial most renal anatomy is termed the …
A
Medulla
B
Pelvis
C
Pyramid
D
Cortex
E
Transitional zone
Question 1 Explanation: 
The cortex, referring to "bark", is superficial to the deeper medulla of the kidney.
Question 2
Which is the most appropriate definition of kidney function?
A
Releases a majority of acute phase proteins
B
Site of red blood cell synthesis
C
Site of gaseous exchange for ventilation to occur
D
Reabsorption of glucose
E
Site of haematopoiesis in the usual adult
Question 3
What is not filtered into filtrate?
A
Glucose
B
Sodium
C
Potassium
D
Red blood cells
E
None of the above
Question 3 Explanation: 
Red blood cells are too large to pass the "sieve" of the kidney to get into the forming urine (called filtrate). In fact, the presence of blood in the urine (haematuria), ergo red cells, is suggestive of damage to this sieve (eg in instances of high blood pressure literally kicking the red cells through the kidney into the filtrate and therefore urine).
Question 4
What does the renal pelvis drain into?
A
Urethra
B
Ureter
C
Renal pyramids
D
Renal cortex
E
The collecting duct of the nephron
Question 5
The final part of the male urethra is termed the ...
A
Preprostatic
B
Prostatic
C
Membraneous
D
Spongy
E
None of the above
Question 5 Explanation: 
You may also see the spongy urethra termed the cavernous urethra in some older texts.
Question 6
In which structure does urine travel distal to the urinary bladder?
A
Ureter
B
Kidney
C
Renal hila
D
Urethra
E
None of the above
Question 7
How do ova communicate with the body of the uterus from the ovaries?
A
Cervix
B
Vagina
C
Vestibule of the vagina
D
Through the vulva
E
Through the uterine tubes
Question 8
 Which is not a constituent of the uterus?
A
Fundus
B
Body
C
Cervix
D
Vagina
Question 9
Where does zygote formation ordinarily occur?
A
Ovary
B
Fundus of the uterus
C
Body of the uterus
D
Cervix
E
Uterine tubes
Question 10
The vulva vestibule is located between 
A
The prepuce
B
The cervical aperture (external os)
C
The labia majora
D
The labia minora
E
The Fallopian tubes
Question 11
Study the external female genitalia anatomic schematic below ...

What does the blue arrow represent?
A
The prepuce
B
Labia majora
C
Labia minora
D
The vestibule of the vagina
E
The external anal aperture
Question 12
The black arrow structure has which function?
A
Lubrication
B
Protection of the vaginal vestibule
C
Prepuce hood for the clitoris
D
None of the above
E
All of the above
Question 13
The yellow arrow is the ...
A
Labia majora
B
Labia minora
C
Glans clitoris
D
Prepuce
E
Vestibule of the vagina
Question 14
Which arrow colour represents the external urethral orifice?
A
The black arrow
B
The green arrow
C
The red arrow
D
The blue arrow
E
The yellow arrow
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