A range of SocPop questions dealing with biases, health behaviour and development. Good luck!
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SocPop Revision MCQ 1
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Selection bias when control or test group is assigned patients with a certain prognosis rather than assigned randomly.
What type of bias is seen when a person involved in data collection/analysis knows whether the subject/sample comes from a control or test group.
Social desirability bias
Tandy wants to start going to a weight management class but the buses don’t run regularly and she’s afraid to walk. What Theory of Planned Behaviour arm do these concerns fall under?
Perceived behavioural control
Question 3 Explanation:
The correct answer is perceived behavioural control: these are barriers standing in the way of her wanting to make that change, these are factors she's not in control of. Her desire to lose weight *is* an example of behavioural attitude but weight loss isn't a concern. Perceived threat would be correct if this was the health belief model.
The four parts to patient centred care are: personalised, coordinated, show dignity and respect, and what else:
Which of the following is an example of a problem focussed coping strategy?
Finding support from social services
Drug and alcohol use
Keeping a thought diary
Which model of health inequalities best captures this scenario: lack of control over life and work due to social status creates anxiety that causes a neuroendocrine response to stress.
Question 6 Explanation:
The psychosocial model is the correct answer. People in lower social classes and people in lower-grade positions in organisations experience more stress and anxiety because they have less control in how they manage their lives. Anxiety induces a stress response (the neuroendocrine response to stress) leading to health problems. The behavioural and cultural models are the same thing and describe how health behaviours are influenced by social class, culture and friends. The neomaterial model describes how a lack of personal and/or community resources makes it difficult to adopt healthy behaviours e.g. because they can't afford them or can't easily access them.
Jason recently had a one night stand with a friend. Despite using protection and knowing his friend takes precautions as well, he wants to get himself tested for an STI but he’s scared of discovering he has HIV. Which influencing arm of the health belief model is this an example of?
Question 7 Explanation:
The correct answer is severity as he is scared of HIV (and what that diagnosis might mean for him). There is no real reason for him to be worrying that he has got something from the sexual encounter so susceptibility isn't really the right answer; in another scenario, susceptibility i.e. risk of infection could be a reason to get screened. Barriers and benefits are both aspects of perceived efficacy - how effective/easy will it be to make a change/do something.
Theo is 17 years old and has started attending Extinction Rebellion marches and sit ins. He doesn’t care if he gets arrested as the future of the environment is more important. Which of Kohlberg’s Moral Stages is Theo in?
According to Bibace and Walsh, which understanding of illness would a 6 year old most likely have?
Question 9 Explanation:
Phenomenon - 2-4 years Contagion - 4-7 years Contamination - 7-9 years Internalisation - 9-11 years Physiological - 11-16 years Psychophysiologal - 16+
Which of the following is a development red flag at 9 months?
Can’t walk steadily
Can’t copy a single/straight line
Doesn’t copy actions
Doesn’t play games involving back and forth play
Question 10 Explanation:
All of them are red flags at 2 years apart from not getting involved in back and forth play which is a red flag at nine months
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