When the heart can no long pump sufficiently to meet the body’s requirements, the patient has entered formal “heart failure”. This quiz runs through the fundamentals of heart failure pathophysiology. Good luck!
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Pathophysiology of Heart Failure
Contractility + afterload
Contractility + preload
Preload and afterload
None of the above
Stem 1 of 4
A patient with thirty year history of smoking and dyslipidaemia presents with dyspnoea causing them to awaken at night, inability to lie down without struggling to breathe, intense fatigue and peripheral oedema.What do you expect on auscultation of the patient's lung bases?
Absent breath sounds
Stem 2 of 4There are 33,000,000 people in the UK over 40 as of 2019 (Source ONS, 2019). Given your knowledge of the epidemiology, how many of those will be diagnosed with the heart failure?
Stem 3 of 4The patient has a a notable previous history of thyrotoxicosis. Of which class of heart failure aetiology is the patient related to?
Stem 4 of 4The patient's heart failure is now due to insufficient contractility to maintain adequate CO. What is this type of heart failure termed?
Diastolic heart failure
Congenital heart failure
Nature of result interpretation
Loss of muscle mass
Pink, frothy sputum
One patient presented with cold peripheries, elevated JVP and bradycardia. The second presented with dyspnoea on lying down, central cyanosis and inability to walk due to fatigue.Which patient is in acute heart failure?
According to the New York Heart Association Heart Failure Classification scale, where is this patient to be placed?
NFP is proportional to hydraulic pressure plus COP
COP is proportional to hydraulic pressure plus NFP
NFP is proportional to hydraulic pressure minus COP
COP is proportional to NFP minus hydraulic pressure