The 13 questions of this MCQ focus on the basic endocrinology of the mentrual cycle as well as a couple of practical facts all covered in the WMS block 5 lectures. Good luck!
Reviewed by Jonathan Loomes-Vrdoljak
Congratulations - you have completed Menstrual Cycle. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Where is GnRH secreted from in the brain?
Anterior pituitary gland
Posterior pituitary gland
Which hormone acts solely on the anterior pituitary gland in the HPO axis to inhibit release of FSH?
Question 2 Explanation:
While oestrogen and progesterone also have inhibitory functions, they act at both the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
What hormone decreases as the corpus luteum degenerates during the luteal phase?
Select all the functions of oestrogen during the follicular phase:
Thinning of the cervical mucus
Thickening of the cervical mucus
Inhibition of FSH and LH production by the anterior pituitary gland
Stimulation of FSH and LH production by the anterior pituitary gland
Question 4 Explanation:
Oestrogen inhibits FSH and LH early in the follicular phase but provides positive feedback just before ovulation, increasing the concentration of these two hormones.
Which term best describes ‘infrequent menstrual periods’?
Question 5 Explanation:
Amenorrhea - absence of menstrual periods; Metrorrhagia - abnormal bleeding that occurs between periods; Menorrhagia - abnormally heavy or prolonged bleeding; Dysmenorrhea - painful periods/ menstrual cramps.
Which hormone prevents the degeneration of the corpus luteum during the luteal phase?
Which term best describes ‘pain with your menstrual periods i.e. menstrual cramps’?
Question 7 Explanation:
Dyspareunia - painful sexual intercourse; menorrhagia - heavy or prolonged periods; menometrorrhagia - prolonged or excessive uterine bleeding which occurs irregularly.
A 24yr old woman visits her GP wanting to understand when it’s safest to have sex without any contraception or the usage of condoms. The GP explains that there’s always a small risk of getting pregnant (<5%) whenever you have sex, but the risk is greater between which two days after her period starts?
Which hormone is used as a marker to diagnose menopause, and does it increase or decrease during menopause?
LH - increases
LH - decreases
FSH - decreases
FSH - increases
GnRH - decreases
During which days are oestrogen levels at its peak?
Which hormone has the largest surge during the ovulatory phase?
Which hormone allows for the development of follicles during the follicular phase?
Which 2 hormones are at its lowest level during the luteal phase?
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect.
There are 13 questions to complete.