This is the fifth – and final – in a series of comprehenisve clinical anatomy and imaging questions for the abdomen. Good luck!
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Abdominal Anatomy Part Five MCQ
M2 receptors are present
Beta2 receptors are adenylate cyclase linked
It contains unique transitional epithelium
The smooth muscle is not capable of prolonged contracture
A minimum of three points of resistance are to be expected in the substance of the penile body
A suprapubic catheter passes through rectus abdominis muscle
The process encounters more resistance than in the female
BPH could lead to stress incontience
Stem 1 of 4
An 82 year-old male presents to ED with a nine-hour painful history of urinary retention and notable previous diagnosis of BPH. After three failed urethral catheter attempts, a suprapubic catheter is inserted.The catheter does not pass through
anterior aspect of the rectus sheath
Stem 2 of 4If the patient's urinary bladder were to rupture prior to catheterisation, where would the fluid most likely pass into?
Superficial perineal cavity
Stem 3 of 4Where is the central micturition centre?
Primary somatosensory cortex
Stem 4 of 4The patient has previously been placed on medications to relieve his "overactive bladder". Which of the following are the most likely to have been prescribed?
Its posterior is partly formed of the insertion of transversus abdominis and internal oblique musculature
Its "exit" superficially is found superolateral to the pubic tubercle
The gubernaculum is contained within the female canal
The nerve supplying cutaneous sensation to the inguinal region (L1 root value) passes through both rings
A venous plexus within the left cord will drain into the left renal vein usually
The autonomics are sympathetic only
The round ligament is present in the male canal
Hesselbach's triangle represents the outer half of the canal's posterior wall
A direct inguinal hernia
An indirect inguinal hernia
A femoral hernia
A ductus vaginalis
Internal oblique muscle
Rectus abdominis muscle
Inferior epigastric vein
Stem 1 of 3
A patient presents with localised back pain about a palpable mass, inferior to the twelfth rib, in a paravertebral location. On examination, the mass is 7cm x 7cm, normal skin colour, non-reducible, absent of thrills, bowel sounds and does not transilluminate.The hernia has protruded through a floor of transversalis fascia. What forms the roof of the space through which this has occurred?
Internal oblique muscle
Quadratus lumborum muscle
External oblique muscle
Stem 2 of 3The following is a border of the space for a Grynfeltt-Lesshaft hernia ...
The inferior-most false rib
The muscle that runs inferomedially of the abdominal wall
The muscle running superolaterally of the abdominal wall
The muscle running longitudinally from the xiphisternum to the pubic ramus
Stem 3 of 3What is the transverse vertebral plane representing the base of an inferior lumbar hernia of Petit?
Lateral femoral cutaneous