Awaiting review

  • Afferent and efferents of the reticular formation
  • Disorders of the reticular formation and LOC 
    • Include projected neurotransmitters and GCS calculation
  • Nuclei of the amygdaloid complex and discreet functionality
  • Structure of the hippocampus and dentate gyrus
  • Afferent and efferent supply of the hippocampus
  • Key limbic system disorders and temporal lobe dysfunction 
  • Destruction of the amygdaloid complex consequence

NUNC6

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Question 1
The dorsal raphe nucleus is which region of reticular formation?
A
The reticular activating system
B
The lateral reticular formation
C
The medial reticular formation
D
The median reticular formation
E
It is NOT a member of the reticular formation
Question 2
When the mesopontine cholinergic fibres are active, and the locus coeruleus are inactive, what state of sleep exists?
A
This does not occur
B
This occurs only in light sleep
C
This occurs in light sleep and deep REM sleep
D
This occurs in deep REM sleep
E
This occurs in biphasic sleep and wakefulness
Question 3
Wakefulness involves which reticular formation constituents?
A
Adrenergic outputs
B
Cholinergic outputs
C
Serotonergic outputs
D
Dopaminergic outputs
E
Mostly median nuclei
Question 4
A model for reticular formation implication of the pathogenesis of schizoid disorders include
A
FGF23 causes a decrease the mesopontine projectile cholinergic population
B
ACh blockade occurs in the nucleus basilis Meynert
C
Mesopontine fibres have similar projection effect on the prefrontal cortex as mesocortical fibres
D
There is a reduction in developmental apoptosis of mesopontine cholinergic projection neurons
E
None of the above
Question 5
Which particular glucocorticoid receptor subtype locations are implicated in working models of the reticular formation role in post traumatic stress disorder?
A
Nucleus accumbens
B
Hippocampus
C
Fimbriae
D
Mammillary bodies
E
Locus coeruleus
Question 6
Which portion of the amygdaloid complex is associated intimately with cardiorespiratory regulation?
A
Basomedial
B
Basolateral
C
Centromedial
D
Centrolateral
E
Corticomedial
Question 7
The fimbriae-fornix complex is responsible for connecting which two subcortical structures?
A
Entorhinal cortex and amygdala
B
Amygdala and hippocampus
C
Posterior commissure and habenulointerpeduncular tract
D
Hippocampus and mammillary bodies
E
Anterior thalamus and stria medullaris
Question 8
Which is the most critical afferent connection for the hippocampus to receive information?
A
Subiculum
B
Entorhinal cortex
C
Dentate gyrus
D
CA 3
E
Amygdala
Question 9
The efferent hippocampal complex information projects to two regions. The first the mammillary bodies, the second are septal nuclei located ...
A
About the posterior perforated substance
B
Within the basalis pontis
C
Deep to the uncus
D
Within the parahippocampal gyrus
E
Within the subcallosal region
Question 10
A patient with a sudden intense interest in religion, desire to draw and reduction of libido would most likely have a bespoke lesion to which tract network?
A
Cingulum
B
Fornix
C
Uncinate fasciculs
D
Mammillo-thalamic tract
E
Anterior thalamic projections
Question 10 Explanation: 
The uncinate fasciculus connects the orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala. The condition above is Gershwind's syndrome.
Question 11
A patient unable to perceive a whole visual field, having difficulty with ocular fixation and an optic ataxia is most likely to have lesioned which tract networks?
A
Cingulum
B
Fornix
C
Mammillo-thalamic tract
D
Anterior thalamic projections
E
Uncinate fasciculus
Question 12
Selective bilateral ablation of the amygdala complex would be most likely to result in which of the following presentations?
A
Hyperorality
B
Hypersexuality
C
Hypergraphia
D
Hypermetamorphosis
E
Anxiety disorder
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