Awaiting review

  • Functions of: VPL/M, MGN, LGN, SCN, SON, PVN, MB
  • The vascular supply of the pituitary gland
  • The anatomy and functionality of the epithalamus
  • The anatomy and functionality of the AP commissures
  • The anatomy and functionality of the pineal gland
  • The thalamic nuclei (names, categories, correlated functional overview)
  • The subthalamus and STN: anatomy and physiology
  • The zona incerta: anatomy and physiology
  • Fields of Forel: anatomy and physiology
  • Habenular nuclei: anatomy and physiology
  • Stria medullaris: anatomy and physiology

NUNC4

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Question 1
Which of the following not true of the medial geniculate nucleus?
A
It is a component of the diencephalon
B
It is a bilateral structure
C
It is a portion of the epithalamus
D
It is involved in auditory processing
E
It receives bilateral information from the inner ears
Question 2
Which of the following best defines mammillary body functionality?
A
Third order neuron origin for afferent information from the ascending spinal cord
B
Third order neuron origin for afferent information from the ascending brainstem
C
Projection relay centre of visual information
D
Circardian rhythm regulator
E
Memory and learning
Question 3
A patient with thiamine deficiency resulting in keen confabulation and memory formation.  Which of the following structure is most likely lesioned?
A
VPL thalamic nucelus
B
VPM thalamic nucleus
C
Suprachiasmatic nucleus
D
Medial geniculate nucleus
Hint:
E
Mammillary bodies
Question 4
The inferior hypophyseal artery will supply which region predominately?
A
That responsible for secretion of PRL
B
That responsible for secretion of ACTH
C
That responsible for ADH
D
That responsible for LH
E
That responsive for TSH
Question 5
Which region of the epithalamus will be stimulated to secrete as ganglion cells detect a decrease in ambient light?
A
Habenular commissuree
B
Habenular nucleus
C
Medial geniculate nucleus
D
Stria medullaris
E
Pineal gland
Question 6
A patient's right eye has a torch shone toward it. Both pupils consensually undergo miosis. Which white matter tract is responsible for the bilateral nature of this reflex?
A
Pretectal commissure
B
Anterior commissure
C
Posterior commissure
D
Edinger-Westphal commissure
E
None of the above
Question 7
The white matter tract connecting the two temporal lobes lie in which relation to the lamina terminalis?
A
Superior
B
Inferior
C
Posterior
D
Medial
E
None of the above
Question 8
How is the ciliary ganglion involved in the pupillary light reflex?
A
Connect the second cranial nerve from retina to rostral midbrain
B
Connects the bilateral pretectal nuclei
C
Connects the bilateral Edinger Westphal nuclei
D
Contains the soma of the preganglionic efferent limb
E
Contains the soma of the postganglionic efferent limb
Question 9
Which of the following is not a keenly associated function of the subthalamic nucleus?
A
GPi projection in the indirect pathway
B
SNr projection to be involved in oculomotor regulation
C
Ventral pallidum to be involved in behavioural functionality
D
Connections to the anterior cingulate cortex as part of affect
E
None of the above
Question 10
Which fibre type predominates the Fields of Forel?
A
Glutamate
B
Glycine
C
Gamma aminobutyric acid
D
Lysine
E
None of the above
Question 11
What is the projection pattern of the stria medullaris?
A
Pineal gland to mamillary body
B
Pineal gland to fornix
C
Pineal gland to fimbriae
D
Pineal gland to anterior thalamic nucleus
E
Pineal gland to tuberal nuclei
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