🤔 MEDIUM

This quiz contains questions about the distal neurovasculature of the leg and also the ankle and foot. Enjoy!

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Distal Neurovasculature, Ankle and Foot

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Question 1
What vein does the short saphenous vein drain into?
A
Tibial vein
B
Dorsal venous arch
C
Long saphenous vein
D
Popliteal vein
E
Femoral vein
Question 2
A 65 year old man presents with right sided leg pain with associated swelling and redness. He has recently been in hospital with an infective exacerbation of COPD which he was recovering from and beginning to mobilise. He has a past medical history of COPD and hypertension. The superficial veins on the right leg are more dilated than on the left leg. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A
Compartment syndrome
B
Deep vein thrombosis
C
Cellulitis
D
Venous ulcer
E
Necrotising fasciitis
Question 3
Which of the following compartments does the tibial nerve pass through?
A
Posterior compartment of the leg
B
Anterior compartment of the thigh
C
Lateral compartment of the leg
D
Anterior compartment of the leg
E
Posterior compartment of the thigh
Question 4
Which of the following is not a pulse point in the lower limb?
A
Popliteal artery
B
Posterior tibial artery
C
Fibular artery
D
Femoral artery
E
Anterior tibial artery
Question 5
What is innervated by the deep fibular nerve?
A
Innervates the muscles of the posterior leg compartment and skin over most of the plantar foot
B
Innervates the muscles of the posterior leg compartment and muscles of the plantar foot and skin between digits 1 & 2
C
Innervates the muscles of the lateral leg compartment and skin over most of the dorsal foot
D
Innervates the anterior leg compartment muscle, muscles of the dorsal foot and the skin over most of the dorsal foot
E
Innervates the anterior leg compartment muscle, muscles of the dorsal foot and the skin between digits 1 & 2
Question 6
What structure covers the contents of the tarsal tunnel?
A
Flexor retinaculum
B
Deltoid ligament
C
Anterior talofibular ligament
D
Gastrocnemius tendon
E
Extensor retinaculum
Question 7
Which of the following movements is resisted by the medial collateral ligaments?
A
Plantarflexion
B
Translation
C
Inversion
D
Eversion
E
Dorsiflexion
Question 8
A 20 year old female presents with left sided lateral ankle pain and associated bruising having landed awkwardly during a netball game. What test could be used to examine the ligament likely affected during the injury?
A
Lachman's test
B
Anterior drawer test of the ankle
C
Posterior drawer test of the ankle
D
Valgus stress test
E
Varus stress test
Question 9
How many compartments is the plantar foot separated into?
A
10
B
6
C
3
D
5
E
4
Question 10
Which nerve supplies the sensory innervation to the plantar calcaneal surface of the foot?
A
Sural nerve
B
Tibial nerve
C
Superficial fibular nerve
D
Saphenous nerve
E
Deep fibular nerve
Question 11
A 36 year old male presents with pain on the plantar aspect of his left foot. The pain is worse on weight bearing and walking and he is a postman by trade. On examination the pain is elicited by passive digit dorsiflexion and also palpation over the medial calcaneal tubercle. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A
Plantar fasciitis
B
Mortons neuroma
C
Achilles rupture
D
Peripheral neuropathy
E
Calcaneal fracture
Question 12
What is the nerve supply to the intrinsic muscles of the foot?
A
Medial & lateral dorsal nerves S2,3 from tibial nerve
B
Medial & lateral plantar nerves S1,2 from tibial nerve
C
Anterior & posterior plantar nerves S3,4 from tibial nerve
D
Anterior & posterior plantar nerves S3,4 from fibular nerve
E
Medial & lateral plantar nerves S1,2 from fibular nerve
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