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This quiz includes questions regarding joints and joint abnormalities. Good luck!

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Joint abnormalities

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Question 1
Which type of connective tissue forms hyaline cartilage?
A
Type I collagen
B
Elastin
C
Type II collagen
D
Type IV collagen
E
Type III collagen
Question 2
Which of the following is not a function of cartilage?
A
Forms articulating surface of bones
B
Intramembranous ossification
C
Growth of bones
D
Supporting framework of some organs, e.g. walls of airway
E
Development of bones
Question 3
Describe the blood supply of cartilage.
A
Cartilage is highly vascular and cartilage cells are supplied by cartilaginous arterioles.
B
Cartilage is avascular and cartilage cells generate their own nutrient supply.
C
Cartilage is avascular and cartilage cells are supplied by diffusion from blood vessels in the perichondrium.
D
Cartilage is highly vascular and cartilage cells are supplied by chondrocytes.
E
Cartilage is avascular and cartilage cells are supplied by diffusion from blood vessels in the epichondrium.
Question 4
Which of the following does not contain fibrocartilage?
A
Knee menisci
B
Intervertebral discs
C
Costal cartilages
D
Pubic symphysis
E
Temporomandibular joint
Question 5
What are the two types of growth of cartilage?
A
Interstitial growth and appositional growth
B
Appositional growth and longitudinal growth
C
Longitudinal growth and horizontal growth
D
Horizontal growth and extrachondral growth
E
Extrachondral growth and interstitial growth
Question 6
What are the three types of fibrous joints?
A
Symphysis, suture and syndesmosis
B
Synovial, suture and gomphosis
C
Suture, gomphosis and syndesmosis
D
Gomphosis, syndesmosis and epiphysis
E
Synovial, symphysis and epiphysis
Question 7
A 55 year old man presents with bilateral knee pain over the anterior aspect of the knee. The pain developed gradually and has been present on most days over the past few months. the pain is worse with walking and going up and down stairs. He also complains of stiffness in the morning that lasts for a few minutes. He feels otherwise well in himself and has not noticed any other changes. Which of the following conditions does this patient most likely have?  
A
Osteoporosis
B
Gout
C
Pseudogout
D
Rheumatoid arthritis
E
Osteoarthritis
Question 8
Which of the following is not a typical radiographic change found in osteoarthritis?
A
Joint space narrowing – characteristically asymmetric
B
Subchondral cysts and sclerosis
C
'Punched out' bony erosions
D
Osteophytes
E
Malalignment
Question 9
What is the cause of gout?
A
Inflammatory response to monosodium pyrophosphate crystals deposited in and around joint and synovial fluid
B
Inflammatory response to monosodium urate crystals deposited in and around joint and synovial fluid
C
Deposition of calcium pyrophosphate crystals in articular and periarticular tissue
D
Deposition of calcium urate crystals in articular and periarticular tissue
E
Autoimmune response to monosodium urate crystals deposited in and around joint and synovial fluid
Question 10
What are the 3 marked clinical phases of untreated gout?
A
Asymptomatic hyperuricaemia, acute intermittent gout and chronic tophaceous gout
B
Asymptomatic hypercalcaemia, chronic intermittent gout and chronic tophaceous gout
C
Acute intermittent gout, chronic tophaceous gout and remission
D
Asymptomatic hypouricaemia, acute intermittent gout and chronic tophaceous gout
E
Symptomatic hyperkalaemia, acute intermittent gout and acute tophaceous gout
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