This quiz includes questions regarding joints and joint abnormalities. Good luck!
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Which type of connective tissue forms hyaline cartilage?
Type I collagen
Type II collagen
Type IV collagen
Type III collagen
Which of the following is not a function of cartilage?
Forms articulating surface of bones
Growth of bones
Supporting framework of some organs, e.g. walls of airway
Development of bones
Describe the blood supply of cartilage.
Cartilage is highly vascular and cartilage cells are supplied by cartilaginous arterioles.
Cartilage is avascular and cartilage cells generate their own nutrient supply.
Cartilage is avascular and cartilage cells are supplied by diffusion from blood vessels in the perichondrium.
Cartilage is highly vascular and cartilage cells are supplied by chondrocytes.
Cartilage is avascular and cartilage cells are supplied by diffusion from blood vessels in the epichondrium.
Which of the following does not contain fibrocartilage?
What are the two types of growth of cartilage?
Interstitial growth and appositional growth
Appositional growth and longitudinal growth
Longitudinal growth and horizontal growth
Horizontal growth and extrachondral growth
Extrachondral growth and interstitial growth
What are the three types of fibrous joints?
Symphysis, suture and syndesmosis
Synovial, suture and gomphosis
Suture, gomphosis and syndesmosis
Gomphosis, syndesmosis and epiphysis
Synovial, symphysis and epiphysis
A 55 year old man presents with bilateral knee pain over the anterior aspect of the knee. The pain developed gradually and has been present on most days over the past few months. the pain is worse with walking and going up and down stairs. He also complains of stiffness in the morning that lasts for a few minutes. He feels otherwise well in himself and has not noticed any other changes. Which of the following conditions does this patient most likely have?
Which of the following is not a typical radiographic change found in osteoarthritis?
Joint space narrowing – characteristically asymmetric
Subchondral cysts and sclerosis
'Punched out' bony erosions
What is the cause of gout?
Inflammatory response to monosodium pyrophosphate crystals deposited in and around joint and synovial fluid
Inflammatory response to monosodium urate crystals deposited in and around joint and synovial fluid
Deposition of calcium pyrophosphate crystals in articular and periarticular tissue
Deposition of calcium urate crystals in articular and periarticular tissue
Autoimmune response to monosodium urate crystals deposited in and around joint and synovial fluid
What are the 3 marked clinical phases of untreated gout?
Asymptomatic hyperuricaemia, acute intermittent gout and chronic tophaceous gout
Asymptomatic hypercalcaemia, chronic intermittent gout and chronic tophaceous gout
Acute intermittent gout, chronic tophaceous gout and remission
Asymptomatic hypouricaemia, acute intermittent gout and chronic tophaceous gout
Symptomatic hyperkalaemia, acute intermittent gout and acute tophaceous gout
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