The growth and development of children has been shown to hugely influence how a baby interacts with the world as an adult. Long-term consequences of adverse childhood experiences are evidence in itself of the importance of a healthy environment and interactions. These questions will test your knowledge of the basics of child development.
Reviewed by Jonathan Loomes-Vrdoljak
Child Growth and Development 1
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The 1001 critical days is defined as which time period for building optimal security and healthy brain development?
Birth to 2 years
Birth to 18 months
Conception to 2 years
1001 days after birth
Conception to 18 months
Question 1 Explanation:
The 1001 critical days is defined as the time between conception and 2 years for building optimal security and healthy brain development. It is a time where the baby's brain is shaped and hugely influenced by their experiences, interactions with their caregivers, and crucially, lays foudations for their future development.
What is the main cause for the increase in weight of a developing baby's brain?
Demyelination and synaptogenesis
Increase in water weight
Demyelination and synapse degeneration
Myelination and synpatogenesis
Myelination and synapse degeneration
Question 2 Explanation:
A baby's brain increases from ~400g to ~1000g from birth to 1 year old. This occurs as a result of myelination and synpatogenesis.
Which of these accurately defines experience-expectant mechanisms?
The way in which the unique experiences of each individual baby produce distinctive wiring of their brain. It is not dependent on the relationship between the dyad.
The environmental input that all members of a species experience, and these experiences play a necessary part in organising a fully developed nervous system.
The way in which the unique experiences of each individual baby produce distinctive wiring of their brain. It is dependent on the relationship between the dyad.
The environmental input that all members of a species experience, and these experiences play a necessary part in organising the developing nervous system.
The way in which the unique experience of each individual contribute to the dyad and its impact on the developing nervous system.
Which of the following correctly states when the fontanelles should be closed by:
Anterior fontanelle at 2-3 months and Posterior fontanelle at 18 months
Posterior fontanelle at 2-3 months and Anterior fontanelle at 18 months
Anterior fontanelle at 1 month and posterior fontanelle at 24 months
Posterior fontanelle at 18 months and Anterior fontanelle at 1 month
Anterior fontanelle at 2-3 months and posterior fontanelle at 24 months
Infants with a secure attachment to their parents have optimal functioning over which of these domains? (Select all that apply)
Peer-related social status
Question 5 Explanation:
Securely attached infants show optimal functioning across all of these domains.
By what age does an infant usually experience their first 'true' emotional reaction based on subjective experience?
Question 6 Explanation:
A true emotional reaction based on subjective experience is one that is a psycho-physiological response, as opposd to a purely physiological response that babies experience before this.
If a child shows the ability to have purposeful communication and the planning of thoughts and actions, they are showing domain 2 of whose model of self regulation?
Trust versus Mistrust
Question 7 Explanation:
DeGangi's model of self regulation in children has 2 levels: Level 1 = Homeostasis (i.e. takes cues from the environment around them) Level 2 = Purposeful communication and the planning of thoughts and actions
The quality of interactions between parents and infants is determined by which factors? (Select four answers)
Question 8 Explanation:
Interactions are defied as the bi-direction to-and-fro of exchanges between individuals. The quality of these interactions are determined by factors such as emotional tone, rhythm, matchedness and interactive repair. Predictability is one of the 3 dimensions of interactional behaviour that should be kept in mind when observing parent-infant interactions. The other 2 dimensions include engagement and genuineness.
A 9 month old baby attends the GP practice with her mother for a general check up. What physical paramters of growth should the GP measure to assess the growth of the baby? (Select three answers)
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