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What is Health?

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Question 1
What are the 3 ways of defining normal?
A
Statistical, homeostatic, medical
B
medical, homeostatic, social
C
Statistical, optimal range, social
D
Statistical, stochastic, empirical
Question 2
What is the statistical definition of normality?
A
Limited interindividual variability
B
Based on a Gaussian distribution (bell curve) where people lie within 2 standard deviations from the mean
C
Statistically insignificant differences between people
D
Statistically significant differences between people
Question 3
What is optimal health definition of normality?
A
Normal is considered when a certain value of a parameter lies within a certain range of values
B
Normal is considered when a value of a certain parameter is a specific number
C
A person’s lifestyle and diet optimise health
D
When a person limits drug and alcohol use
Question 4
What is the WHO definition of health?
A
A set of behaviours and choices that optimise a person’s wellbeing
B
A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
C
A state of general physical, mental and social wellbeing, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
D
Choices that limit the person’s predisposition to disease
Question 5
 What is illness?
A
The subjective experience of a disease that is personal, varies across individuals and can exist in the absence of disease
B
The subjective experience of a disease that varies across individuals but cannot exist in the absence of disease
C
Another term for disease
D
The social role of someone who is sick
Question 6
What is sickness?
A
A synonym for disease
B
A synonym for illness
C
The social role adapted or assigned to people with a disease
D
The experience of a person suffering with a disease
Question 7
What is disease?
A
A pathogen
B
An injury
C
An incomplete state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
D
A deviation from the biological norm
Question 8
 Which of the following is not a feature of the social model of health?
A
Someone can still be healthy despite having an impairment
B
The power lies with the individual
C
Social determinants such as gender, income and ethnicity are correlated to a person’s health
D
Power lies in the medical profession
Question 9
Which of the following is not a feature of the medical model of health?
A
Disease is caused by biological/pathological changes
B
Disease can be identified by signs and symptoms through the process of diagnosis
C
Psychological determinants are taken into consideration ( beliefs, cognition, resilience)
D
The focus of interventions is on the individual
Question 10
Which of the following is not a limitation of the medical model of health?
A
It is based on a mono causal model which is an oversimplified perspective of disease
B
It does not actually treat diseases
C
Chronic/degenerative diseases are normally multifactorial in terms of aetiology
D
Power lies in the hands of the medical profession which can create a dependency on services
Question 11
Which of the following is not considered to be a lay belief about health?
A
Health is the absence of disease
B
Health as functional ability
C
Health as physical fitness
D
Health as a statistical parameter
Question 12
What is the lay belief of health as physical fitness?
A
A person is healthy if they are physically active/fit
B
Physical fitness can cure disease
C
Physical fitness is one of the components of optimal health
D
Physical fitness is one of the components of the social model
Question 13
What is the lay belief of health as functional ability?
A
A person is healthy if they do not have any physical disabilities
B
A person is healthy if they do not have any cognitive disabilities
C
A person is healthy if they can carry out activities of daily functioning/living
D
A person is healthy if they can function in society
Question 14
What is the lay belief of health as wellbeing and equilibrium?
A
Homeostasis is maintained in the individual
B
A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing
C
A person’s mind, body and spirit must all be in sync for good health
D
When a person is not considered sick by others
Question 15
Which of the following does not influence lay beliefs about health?
A
Age
B
Gender
C
Socio-economic position
D
All of the above influence lay beliefs of health
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